History of Western Civilization I,II

Welcome to the research guide for the History of Western Civilization I, II

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In the PHC Library catalog, you can search a variety of resources by title, author, keyword, or phrase, linking you to ebooks, print books in the on-campus collection, and journal articles from both general and subject specific databases. The more specific your search terms, the more specific the results will be.  For our Distance Learning (DL) students, excerpts from print items held in the on campus library can be provided on request.

If you are accessing electronic resources from off-campus and are required to log in, use your student portal user name and password to gain access. If you have difficulty with the website or accessing any resources, please let library staff know by email at askalibrarian@phc.edu or  library@phc.edu. 

Professional library assistance is available on campus, by phone at 540-441-8400, or by email at askalibrarian@phc.edu.

Reference Works

Full text documents of Epic of Gilgamesh, Beowulf, and Machiavelli's The Prince are available in the library's print and online collection.

The Loeb Library found in the PA section of the library's collection is the easiest place to find English translations of primary source documents from ancient Greek and Latin.


  • Early English Books Online - Full-text of books printed in English from 1473-1700.

  • JSTOR provides access to articles from over 240 scholarly journals in a wide variety of disciplines, although acquisitions are subject to a moving inclusion date with the result that most articles are 3 - 5 years old or older.  This is usually not a problem in history research, but may be a problem if more current research is needed.

  • Milestone Documents of World History provides access to 125 iconic primary source documents along with in-depth analytical essays. The primary sources are pulled from all time periods and geographic locations.

  • ProQuest and Academic Search Premier have extensive collections of current articles from scholarly journal articles and newspapers. These databases are easy to navigate and allow users to limit searches to provide focused results. The sites also suggest alternative subject terms to use if a broader or narrower search is required.

Internet Resources

  • Avalon Project provides access to the Yale University site containing a variety of primary source documents in the area of history, law, politics, diplomacy, and government.

  • BBC Ancient History access the BBC archives on the topics of Egyptian, Greek, Roman, and Viking history and British pre-history.

  • EuroDocs is an online resource of primary sources documents in European history covering pre-history through the European Union.

  • Fordham's Internet History Sourcebook includes the writings of major Greek philosophers and historians, as well as articles covering various facets of Greek culture. It may be helpful in choosing a research topic or expanding your understanding of an area of Greek history.

  • Labyrinth provides access to a collection of Georgetown University maintained resources for medieval studies.

  • NYPL Digital Library provides access to an extensive array of visual information from images of Greek pottery to great works of medieval art and illuminated medieval manuscripts.


Search the catalog using any of the following terms and limitng by "subject":

Civilization, Classical
Civilization, Western--History

Research Tips

  • Chicago/Turabian is the preferred citation style for this course. Citation help needed? Check out  the OWL (Online Writing Lab) online style manual at Chicago/Turabian

Created: Thornhill, 2010. Update: Dr. Douglas Favelo/ Thornhill, 2016. Last update: Thornhill, 2022.

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