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Theology of the Bible I, II

Welcome to the research guide for Theology of the Bible I, II.

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Although a number of the resources recommended will be useful for any research in theology, the research guide is intended to specifically support the Exegetical Worksheet assignments in Theology I and II which currently include passages in Genesis, Isaiah, Philippians, and  II Timothy. The scriptural passages are your primary text and should be the focus of the assignment with commentaries used to give context, perspective, and insights. 

Print resources are available in the PHC on-campus collection or electronically to distance learning students. You may check the location and the availability of an item in the on-campus collection through the online catalog, Voyager.

Professional library assistance will be invaluable to you for this project and is available on campus, by phone at 540-441-8400, or by email at askalibrarian@phc.edu.

The on-campus collection holds a plethora of helpful resources, including a number of scholarly commentaries. 

  • New Strong’s exhaustive concordance of the Bible : with main concordance, appendix to the main concordance, topical index to the Bible, dictionary of the Hebrew Bible, dictionary of the Greek Testament, edited by James Strong, available at Ref BS425 .S8 1990.

  • International standard Bible encyclopedia, general editor, Geoffrey W. Bromiley, available at. Ref BS 440 .I6 1979.

  • Systematic theology texts by Grudem, Chafer, Berkhof, and others are available on reserve at the circulation desk. 

Bible commentaries in the PHC print collection and ebooks

  If you are on campus, a number of preferred commentaries have been placed on reserve. Check at the circulation desk for the preferred commentaries. For our DL students, the ebook collection has several preferred commentaries. You may also contact the librarian at askalibrarian@phc.edu . They can provide you with appropriate additional commentary excerpts that are helpful in completing the assignment. 

Genesis and Isaiah

  • Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries : Genesis, Isaiah.  IVP Academic, 2009.


  • Genesis Derek Kidner, IVP Academic, 1967.
  • Genesis. John Walton, Zondervan, 2001
  • Genesis 1 - 11. Scott Manetsch, IVP Academic, 2012. 
  • Book of Genesis, Chapters 1-17. Victor Hamilton, Eerdman's, 1990.


  • Isaiah : A Commentary. Old Testament Library.  Brevard Childs, and Jennifer Cox, Louisville, 2001.
  • The Book of Isaiah, Chapters 40–66. The Book of Isaiah. John Oswalt, 1998
  • Isaiah 40-55 Vol 2 (ICC) : A Critical and Exegetical Commentary. John Goldingay and David F. Payne, 2006.
  • The Message of Isaiah. The Bible Speaks Today Series. Barry Webb, IVP Academic, 2016.
  • Isaiah. Vol. 13. New Collegeville Bible Commentary. Leslie Hoppe, 2012.
  • Isaiah : God’s Poet of Light. Carol Dempsey, 2009.
  • Isaiah through Daniel. Vol. IV. Ross Price, Beacon Bible Commentary, 1966.


  • Philippians and Philemon : A Commentary, The New Testament Library. Charles Cousar, 2013.
  • Paul’s Letter to the Philippians, The New International Commentary on the New Testament. Gordon Fee,1995.
  • Philippians, Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament. Joseph Hellerman, 2015.
  • Philippians, Tyndale New Testament Commentaries, IVP Academic, 1987.
  • The Message of Philippians, The Bible Speaks Today, IVP Academic, 1984. 

  2 Timothy

  • 2 TimothyTyndale New Testament Commentaries. Ralph Martin, IVP Academic, 1987.
  • Letters to Timothy and Titus, New International Commentary on the New Testament, Philip Towner, 2006.
  • 1,2 Timothy and Titus, Believers Church Bible Commentary, Paul Zehr, 2010.
  • Message of 2 Timothy, The Bible Speaks Today. John Stott, 1984. 
  • The Pastoral Epistles.  Donald Guthrie, IVP Academic, 2009. 

Commentaries from   StudyLight.org

Internet Resources for General Theology

  • Clarke's, Expositor's, and Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown are well respected commentaries and available online. A number of other scholarly commentaries are available at Studylight

  • Christian Classics Ethereal Library offers a variety of full-text Christian classics.

  • Bible Gateway provides helpful search capabilities, such as word and passage search, footnotes, and cross references in a number of English versions and several additional languages.

  • Gnostic Society Library offers primary source documents and commentaries from and about Gnostic writers and writings in the early church era. It also includes information on the Apocrypha.

  • Jewish Encyclopedia provides access to the 12 volume set completed in 1906. Although not updated for the 20th century, information is a valued resource for those interested in the Jewish roots of Christian belief and tradition.


Selected Journals


  • ATLA Religion accesses to articles and citations on theology and philosophy.

  • eBooks provides access to over 65,000 books that are viewable from your computer wherever you are. You may read online or download for a 2-week period by creating a free user name and password.


The PHC Library has an extensive theology collection. If you want to browse the shelves, try these areas of the collection:
B - Religion and Philosophy
BR - Christianity
BS - The Bible
BT - Doctrinal theology
BV - Practical theology
BX - Christian denominations

Search the catalog using the following Library of Congress subject headings:

Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
Christian biography
Christian ethics
Christian life
Christian literature
Church history
Civilization, Christian
Freedom of religion
History-- Religious aspects--Christianity
Jesus Christ
Luther, Martin, 1483-1546
Paul, the Apostle, Saint
Protestant Churches
Thomas, Aquinas, Saint, 1225-1274

Research Tips

  • Search by subject: Once you have located a potential source in the catalog, click on the search term within the record to find other items on the same or similar subjects. Additional valuable resources may be listed in the item's bibliography.

  • Zotero is a free citation management system that allows you to collect, organize, and cite your resources. It will create your footnotes, end notes, in-text citations, and bibliographies. You may find that a librarian would be helpful in quickly learning the program and its functionality. 

Citation help needed? Try online at OWL (Online Writing Lab).

Created: Gladden, 2008. Updated: Dr. Darrell Cox/Thornhill, 2010,2012. Updated: Dr. Randy Newman/Thornhill 2013.  Reviewed: Cox/Thornhill, 2014, 2016.  

Updated: Cox/Pensgard, 2017. Updated Thornhill, 2018.

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