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Principles of Biblical Reasoning

Welcome to the Research Guide for Principles of Biblical Reasoning.  The suggested databases are available linked from here and from the Electronic Resources section of the library home page.  Print resources are available in the PHC on-campus collection or by mail to distance learning members of the PHC community.  You may check out the location and availability of an item in the on-campus collection through the online catalog, Voyager, accessed through the library home page. 


A significant portion of the course is devoted to individual research projects for which a librarian's assistance may prove invaluable.  Professional library assistance is available on campus, by phone at 540-441-8400, or by email at askalibrarian@phc.edu .


During this course, you will:

  • Develop higher level critical thinking and language skills,
  • Understand the principles of a theocentric worldview and how it compares and contrasts with other worldviews,
  • Articulate a reasoned defense of a Biblical worldview,
  • Appreciate the defenses of the faith across the centuries, and
  • Integrate a Biblical worldview into the study of liberal arts and sciences. 


 In the PHC Collection


New dictionary of Christian apologetics, edited by Campbell and McGrath - BT1103 .N48 2006
Christian apologetics : a comprehensive case for biblical faith by Douglas Groothuis - BT1103 .G76 2011
Christian apologetics by Alan Richardson - BT1101 .R44 1948
Christian apologetics past and present : a primary source reader, edited by William and Oliphint - BT1109 .C57 2009




ProQuest and Academic Search Premier are general databases that are helpful. However, there are no subject specific databases suggested for this course.


Internet Resources 


Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy provides online scholarly resources in support of a variety of philosophical research endeavors.

CARM - Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry providesa quick and comprehensive overview of particular non-Christian religions and cults that can be helpful if you are unfamiliar with their beliefs and practices.

Christian Classics Ethereal Library created by Wheaton College and now managed by Calvin College, offers access to Christian classics online.

ARDA, Association of Religion Data Archives, is a offers resources in the scientific study of ideas.  It also provides statistical information on the number of adherents to specific religions in various countries. 


Research tips


  • Search by subject: Once you have located one item in the catalog, you may click on the search term within the record to find other items on the same or similar subjects. 
  • If you are unable to locate an item in the PHC online or on-campus collection, you may request resources through Interlibrary loan (ILL).
  • Once you locate an appropriate resource, potential valuable resources may be listed in the item's bibliography. 
  • Zotero is a citation management system that will help you collect and organize your resources and then seamlessly create footnotes, endnotes, in-text citations, and bibliographies.  You can download and watch online tutorials, but you may benefit from a librarian’s help in quickly learning how to use Zotero.

Turabian is the approved citation format for this course.  Information on proper Turabian citation is available in the PHC collection, Chicago manual of style, at Ref Z 253 .U69 2003 or online at several sites, such as OWL (Online Writing Lab). 


Created: Thornhill 2011.  Updated: Dr. John Montgomery/Thornhill, 2012, 2013. Updated: Dr. Randy Newman/Thornhill, 2014, 2015.